As early as the 16th century, the archives of religious institutions such as Santa Maria della Scala in Siena cite the place names of farms located on the slopes of Montalcino. Despite wars and other disasters, these farms have, for the most part, emerged today relatively intact. By the 19th century only a handful of families owned these slopes, and one of them left its farm to a charitable organization, and acquired by Marco Keller and his wife in 2003.
The Pallina Vineyard is one of rolling hillsides at an altitude between 300-400 meters above sea level, with regular, gently declining slopes. The site occupies an area where two different geological structures meet, with calcareous clay flysch and sandstone soils.
The sandstone-based soils are deep, loose, balanced in texture, non-calcareous, neutral, excellent in their drainage, and rich in stones – rarely round in shape. Calcareous clay flysch soils are less well drained and rockier, with stones which are both flat and with sharper edges, slightly or moderately calcareous, and more alkaline.
The finest clones of Merlot, Sangiovese, Petit Verdot, Syrah, and Sagrantino were chosen: the grape varieties and their rootstock selected to best interpret this soil diversity, transforming it into a resource for greater complexity in the wines.
Vine density is high (6250 vines/Ha) trained to an espalier system designed both to facilitate vineyard operations and to provide the vines maximum possible exposure to sunlight. The vines are pruned to a unilateral Cordon de Royat system, leaving four spurs on the arm of the vine. Grape production is brought into balance by a careful selection of the young shoots and by one or more crop-thinning operations during the summer, targeting total production of 1Kg of fruit per vine. A drip-irrigation system was installed to provide a continuous supply of water to sustain plant growth and development during the warmest and driest months of the growing season.
The wines of Logonovo are made by famed oenologist Roberto Cipresso.